Александро-Невская Лавра / Alexander Nevsky Lavra 1874
The monastery was founded in July - seven years after the foundation of Petersburg - by Peter the Great near to the spot where contemporary Swedish maps showed the Swedish fort Landskrona had stood. This was during the Northern War between Russian and Sweden, so it was a symbolically important location - especially as it had been sacked in by an army from Novgorod under Prince Andrei, son of legendary Russian leader Alexander Nevsky, during a previous war!
Inthe first church was built, in wood, on the site of the future monastery, and consecrated in Peter's presence on March 25, The monastery began working shortly afterward.
Ina new church, designed Alexander Nevsky Lavra di alcolismo Italian architect Domenico Trezzini, was Alexander Nevsky Lavra di alcolismo. The new church was named for Alexander Nevsky - considered a saint by the Russian Orthodox Church - whose remains were brought to the church from the ancient city of Vladimir, in a journey that took several months.
The day the remains were moved into the new church was celebrated each year as a holiday. In Empress Elizabeth ordered that a silver shrine be built to shelter the holy remains. The shrine - using an incredible one and a half tons of pure silver - was decorated with symbols of the famous Battle on the Ice fought on Lake Peipus in and other of Alexander's victories. The shrine was moved to a new cathedral inand in Emperor Paul gave the monastery its current rank - the highest in the Orthodox hierarchy - and name: the Alexander Nevsky Monastery of the Holy Spirit.
By the beginning of the 20th century the territory of the monastery complex was home to an impressive 16 churches. Lazarus, the Church of St. Like many centers of Orthodoxy the Monastery suffered at the hands of the Revolution. Happily, though, much has survived, and restoration work has been ongoing in recent years. In Januarythe Bolsheviks attempted to seize the monastery and its valuables, but were driven off by determined church-goers, summoned by the ringing of the monastery's bells.
However, the monastery was closed shortly afterward, and robbed and looted of its valuables. Alexander Nevsky Lavra di alcolismo all of the churches and cathedrals within the monastery were closed, and in the Museum of City Sculpture was organized on part of the monastery's territory. Alexander Nevsky Lavra di alcolismo remaining space was turned over to the city government, which soon distributed it to various different institutes, offices and warehouses.
After a number of petitions from local believers, Holy Trinity Cathedral was returned to the Orthodox Church in However, the destruction of church buildings and monastery graveyards continued, and trading in graves continued well afterwhen it was officially banned.
Services began in the Church of St. Nicholas - located in the graveyard behind Holy Trinity Cathedral - in On June 3,the remains of Alexander Nevsky were moved Alexander Nevsky Lavra di alcolismo to the Cathedral from the Museum of Atheism which had been opened in Kazan Cathedral, and in the early s the monastery was the center of celebrations of Alexander's life and heroic deeds. For many visitors one of the major attractions is the monastery's graveyards, home to the final resting places of many of the great names of Russian culture.
The Tikhvin Cemetery contains many of the most famous graves: In the far right-hand corner from the gate is an impressive bust of Tchaikovsky over his grave, while close by are Rubinshtein, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov and Glinka. Dostoevsky lies further back along the wall, towards the gate. The other main cemetery, the Lazarus Cemetery, is the resting place of several of the great architects who left their indelible mark on the city, including Starov, Quarenghi and Rossi.
Alexander Nevsky Monastery The Alexander Nevsky Monastery complex is home to some of Alexander Nevsky Lavra di alcolismo oldest buildings in the city, as well as to cemeteries which Alexander Nevsky Lavra di alcolismo the graves of some of the giants of Russian culture, including Tchaikovsky, Dostoevsky, and Glinka. Main entrance to Alexander Nevsky Monastery. Courtyard of Alexander Nevsky Monastery.
Aerial view of Alexander Nevsky Monastery. Mosaic above the gate leading to the monastery. Tombstone of Pyotr Tchaikovsky. Interiors of Alexander Nevsky Monastery. Accommodation near the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.
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