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Calcium gluconate is a mineral supplement and medication. Side effects when injected include slow heart ratepain at the site of injection, and low blood pressure. Calcium gluconate came into medical use in the s. This form of calcium is not as well absorbed as calcium lactate and it only contains 0.
Therefore, if the hypocalcemia is acute and severe, calcium chloride is given instead. Calcium gluconate is used as a cardioprotective agent in people with high blood potassium levelswith one alternative being the use of calcium chloride.
Though it does not have an effect on potassium levels in the alcolismo di calcio gluconate, it reduces the excitability of cardiomyocytes, thereby lowering the likelihood of cardiac arrhythmias.
It is also used to counteract an overdose of Epsom salts magnesium sulfate which is often administered to pregnant women in order to prophylactically prevent seizures as in a alcolismo di calcio gluconate experiencing preeclampsia. Magnesium sulfate is no longer given to pregnant women who are experiencing premature labor in order to slow or stop their contractions other tocolytics are now used instead due to better efficacy and side effect profiles. Gel preparations of calcium gluconate are used to treat hydrofluoric acid burns.
Historically, IV calcium gluconate was used as an alcolismo di calcio gluconate for black widow spider envenomationoften in conjunction with muscle relaxants.
While intravenous calcium has been used in cardiac arrest its general use is not recommended. Calcium gluconate side effects include nauseaconstipationand upset stomach. Rapid intravenous injections of calcium gluconate may cause hypercalcaemiawhich can result in vasodilationcardiac arrhythmiasdecreased blood pressureand bradycardia.
Extravasation of calcium gluconate can lead to cellulitis. Intramuscular injections may lead to local necrosis and abscess formation. It is also reported that this form of calcium increases renal plasma flow, diuresis, natriuresis,   glomerular alcolismo di calcio gluconate rate,  and prostaglandin E2 and F1-alpha levels. Shortages of medical calcium gluconate were reported in November and November in the United States. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. IUPAC name. Interactive image.
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